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GUIDE | TURF HELP | GRASS
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Grasses in Texas for
lawns are dependent on largely where in this large state they will
be planted. You can divide Texas into basically four
climatic regions. these include the north-central plains, the
south-east coastal plains, The great plains lying north and north
west in Texas and the Trans-Pecos Mountain area west of the Pecos
Valley. Growing season ranges from 185 days in Northern
cooler areas to over 300 days in the Southeast. Rainfall is
also a factor in lawns with a wide range from over 50+ inches in
the East to less than 10 in the western areas.
Soils also vary greatly and lime is usually required in the
Southeastern part of the state.
TEXAS LAWN SPECIES PLANTED:
Bermuda and St.
Augustine grasses are found extensively throughout the state.
St. Augustine is limited more to warmer areas due to not
surviving winter temperatures as cold as Bermuda with its Northern
area of adaptation stopping around the Fort Worth area. It
is found extensively in Gulf coast areas. It is also the
best warm season grass for shade problem areas.
Zoysiagrass is also planted in Texas.
Buffalo Grass is found in the dryer areas where rainfall is
limited to less than 20 inches annually.
Centipede is adapted for use in central and South Eastern
areas of Texas especially on sandy, well drained soils.
Tall Fescues are used extensively in the Dallas / Fort Worth
area and Northern Texas, but generally will require irrigation to
survive heat / drought.
LESSER USED VARIETIES:
Bentgrass is used on golf courses for greens in some Northern
& NE areas - It should NOT be used for a home lawn.
Bluegrass is limited in use to mainly panhandle areas of
Ryegrasses are used in Texas for fast cover and for a
overseeding dormant warm season grasses to have a green playing
surface in the fall / winter months. Bahiagrass is used
occasionally in the SE for lawn and pasture areas where drought
tolerance is important. For more on Texas lawns read the
Extension sites below.
MORE INFORMATION & SEED VARIETIES:
There are several good turf
grass sources of information located in Texas. Several of the best
are listed below (in no particular order):
Texas Turfgrass Discussion area:
Ask questions and get help on your problems / questions:
Turfgrass Management & Use - Dr. Richard Duble:
Turf - Texas A&M University
Good information on home, athletic and commercial
turf grass and lawns.
Contacting Texas Extension for help: Your
extension agent can help with many questions about Texas lawns and
County Office list:
http://county-tx.tamu.edu/ (locate your local office).
Texas A&M Management
TURF GRASS EXTENSION WEBSITE:
Cooperative Lawn Articles:
Most require that you purchase and order:
ORDER Documents on PASTURES FOR TEXAS under "Agriculture":
Chinch Bugs in St. Augustine:
See map for zone selection.
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